The Mufeed Ul Annam School on the map of Hyderabad 1913

Mufeed-Ul-Annam (on the map it is Mufid-Ul-Annam) is the school run by the community and is located on the map of Hyderabad from 1913. This map was created by the Hyderabad Municipal Survey during 1912-1915. The mapping of Hyderabad was part of a plan for urban Hyderabad after the floods of 1901 by the Nizam’s administration and was led by an engineer Leonard Munn (1878-1935). The need for modern education to get employed in the bureaucracy of the Nizam prompted this founding of the school in 1882 which offered modern education to the children of the community members. This is a major aspect that enabled agency by creating the circumstance for progress in the community members by providing access to education in a time when there were not many schools. Since its founding, all the members of the school until the middle of the twentieth century were educated in there and went on to make significant contributions to the civic life and well-being of the city of Hyderabad.
The school is one of the major institutions of the Brahma Kshatriya community and across from that on the map was the house of Raja Roop Lal whose half-brother Raja Bansi Lal was the founder of the school- they were zamindars or landowners.
Map courtesy: @krishnakriti_foundation Kalakriti Archives, Hyderabad

Chowgda or the spice box

The chowgda is a spice-box that has been passed down from the generations in the family I am married into- the Waghray family of Kachiguda, Hyderabad. They have lived in Kachiguda for the past 50 years or so and before that they were a part of an extended family in Alijah Kotla, Charminar, in the Old city of Hyderabad, Telangana.
The chowgda housed the spices like zeera (cumin), rai (mustard), methi (fenugreek), turmeric/haldi (curcumin), mirchi (red chilly powder). But since some spices react with, in this case the pital (brass- an amalgam of copper and zinc), the inner lining or khalaiye, was laid which was made of tin that would be replaced regularly to keep the metal out of the food.

The chowgda or spice box was in use in the family when the number of people in the family were 50 and above, adults and children included. Sitting together for a meal meant bringing a group of your peers to share a large plate/ paraat and food was served in your plate only if there were 5 people available. This was a way to avoid wastage but also to make the food go around sufficiently and take care of a large family.

Cooking for the family was a routine that continued throughout the day due to the fact that so many mouths had to be fed- breakfast, lunch and dinner. My source is Meera Devi, my husband’s aunt, who would say that the three square meals were actually two meals- brunch and dinner with a small chai-snack in between at 3 pm. Her way of life has not changed much to this day as she prefers eating a brunch style meal at 10 am and dinner at 6 or 7 pm.

Shashi Sehgal, my husband’s second cousin, living in California since 1986 had this to say, “I have heard the same story from my dad, Padma bua and Laikh Raj Chacha about the meals. The other thing they talked about was how the dadis (grandmothers) took turns to do the cooking. Some did the chopping of the vegetables, some made the rotis and some made the dal. The ones who made the brunch, rotated out so a second group made the dinner. Every few days they changed shifts. Baa dadi was the matriarch of the family who was the only lady of her generation that was alive for a long time, the others had passed on when the nine siblings were still children.”

For a long time now, people have moved on to steel spice boxes which are easy to use/ clean and also a non-reactive metal if it is of a good quality.

I also wonder, what location of the brass factory in India did this chowgda arrive from? In a way that metal items in homes in India get utilized, it has a BL sign engraved on it, BL for Bidri Lal, by husband’s great grand father and it has it’s tell tale signs of wear and tear. Was the factory from Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh? What manufacturing was happening then and who were the local retail sellers for this product? Where are they now in Hyderabad and what are they engaged in at this time? Some questions remain unanswered and continue to linger.

by Malini

Brahma Kshatriyas of eminence in Hyderabad

  • Chairman, Political Reforms Committee:  Rai C. Bal Mukund Waghray
  • Chief Justices of High Court : Bisheshwarnath Waghray, Bal Mukund Waghray, Manohar Pershad Sahgal
  • Chairman, Backward Classes Commission: Manohar Pershad Sahgal
  • Minister in Laik Ali Cabinet: Raj Mohan Lal, Bar-at-Law
  • Secretaries to Government:  H. Ram Lal Shah, Tribhuvan Lal Mahendra, DilsukhRam Sekhar, Bhupender Nath Waghray, Narsing Raj Sahgal, Guru Das Sahgal, Gul Bahadur Sahgal
  • Chief Engineers: Bala Pershad Sekhar, Veernath Rai Shah, Laxminarayen Kishen Waghray, Shivender Bahadur Sahgal (Railways)                        
  • First Woman Session Judge: Smt. Daya Devi Burman Mahendra
  • Asst. Accountant General: Manohar Lal Waghray
  • Secretary, Exhibition Society: Bhavani Rai Shah
  • Legislators: Man Mohan Lal Shah, Khushbadan Lal Mahendra 
  • Social Workers: Suraj Bhan Waghray, Daya Devi Burman Mahendra, Dr. Padmavati Shastri Waghray, Gayatri Devi Waghray, Laxmi Raj Shah, Hemchander Pershad Ghai 
  • Army Service: Col. Kailash Nath Waghray, Major Dr. B. Shiv Raj Shah, Major. Shanker Lal Desai, Lt. Col. Bishendar Bahadur Sahgal 
  • Freedom Fighters: Mahipatram Sahgal, Barrister Kishan Waghray, Karan Rai Sohni, Khushbadan Lal Mahendra, Pramila Mahendra, Amarnath Burman Mahendra , Dr. Parmavathi Shastri Waghray, Amolak Ram Waghray


Judge, High Court and Chairman, A.P Administrative Tribunal:  Upender Lal Waghray Sessions Judges : Shanker Pershad Mahendra, Barrister Ram Lal Kishen Waghray, Jitendernath Waghray, Nauratan Lal Waghray, Mohan Lal Waghray, Mahesh Narayan Mahendra, Rupender Pershad Sahgal

Eminent Doctors:

Personal Physician to the Nizam  Major Dr. B. Shiv Raj Shah

  Professor, Osmania Medical College     Dr.Satyanarayan Sahgal

    Suptd, Sarojini Devi Hospital                  Dr. P. Ramchander Desai

    RMO, Osmania Hospital                         Dr. Tulsi Das Sekhar

    Head, Orthopaedic Dept. Osm, Hospital     Dr. Dharam Rai Thakore

    Suptd, Fever Hospital                                Dr. KaranPershad  Sekhar

    Suptd, Osmania Hospital                       Dr. Vijender Nath Waghray

    Suptd, Osmania Hospital                     Dr. Binode Kumar Sahay

   Cardiologist, Gandhi Hospital              Dr. Bansi Lal Vigg

   Suptd, Maternity Home, Sultan Bazaar        Dr. Chandrakala Sahay

   Suptd, Sadhuram Eye Hospital       Dr. Shyam Sunder Pershad Kapoor

Heads of Institutions

Director, Medical Services                             Col. Kailash Nath Waghray

Director, Customs                                           Dilsukh Ram Sekhar

Director, Endowments                                    Raja Trimbak Lal Thakore

Chief Conservator of Forests                         Daulat Rai Sahgal

 Addl. Director Medical Services                    Dr. Mrs. Annapurna Vigg

 Director, Education                                        Dr. N. Ram Lal Waghray 

 General Manager, I.D.P.L.                            Roop Lal Shah

Secretary, Railway Recruitment Board          Govind Lal Waghray 

 Chief Commercial Superintendent & GM Central Railways      Arjun Pershad Sekhar

Chairman, APSRTC and Hyderabad Allwyn Metal Works           Guru Pershad Sekhar

Excerpted from the Green Book published by Amolak Ram Waghray. In the picture shaking hands with Prime Minister Nehru is Bala Pershad, Chief Engineer at the inauguration of the Nizam Sagar Dam. Also in the picture is H. Ram Lal (black shervani, extreme right in black eye glasses) who was also the secretary to the government. Picture courtesy Raj Kumar Waghray.

Kishen-Waghray Family circa 1956-57

Here is a photograph of the Kishen- Waghray family, from the years 1956- ’57. The following are the name listed of the people on the photograph. Check it out and see if you recognize your family members. 


Renuka Devi Kapoor (Waghray), Harish Narayan Mahendra, Naval Kishori Waghray (Mahendra), Dushyant Kishen Waghray, Anil Kishen Waghray, Ranjana Raj Shah (Kishen Waghray), Prahlad Kishen Waghray, Mukund Narayan Mahendra, Vijaylakshmi Narayan Mahendra (Waghray)


Savitri Bai Kapoor (Waghray), Sarla Devi Waghray (Sohni), Shama Bai Waghray (Shah), Mahalakshmi Bai Waghray (Mehra), Laltha Bai Waghray (Shah), Geeta Bai Waghray (Shah), Heeralakshmi Waghray (Sahgal) [Munnan Jiya], Susheel Kishen Waghray, Susheela Devi Waghray (Shah), Shanti Devi Narayan Mahendra (Waghray)


Krishna Devi Shah (Kapoor), Nirmala Mahendra (Shah), Prem Kishen Waghray, Vijender Lal Shah, Laxminarayan (R. L.) Kishen Waghray, Gopi Kishen Waghray, Shyam Kumari Kapoor (Thakore), Tej Rai Kapoor, Gopal Kishen Waghray, Sumitra Devi Sohni (Waghray), Chain Rai Kishen, Nirmala Devi Desai (Waghray)


Iqbal Kishen Waghray, Bal Mukund Waghray, Navnihal Kishen Waghray, Ashok Sohni

by Nina Lal

The women and girls at the wedding of Shri Parmanand Das Waghray 1945

Lal-Waghray Family.png
The women and girls at the wedding of Parmanand Das Waghray 1945 with compliments from Savitri Bai


1 ??, 2. Chandrakala Devi Sohni (Thakore), 3. Godavari Katti (Shah), 4. Heeralaxmi (Jiji) Mahendra (Mahendra), 5 ??, 6. Dr. Kalavati Thakore, 7.  Jaya Devi Mahendra (Waghray) [Jaanu Bua], 8. ??, 9. ??, 10. Leelavati Vohra (Thakore), 11. ??, 12. Malti Devi (Bhanu Bua) Desai (Waghray), 13. ??, 14. ??, 15. Kaushalya Devi Waghray (Waghray), 16. Rukmini (Rukhan) Sahgal (Mahendra), 17. ?? (Question marks are those folks not yet identified.)


1. Premavati Waghray (Thakore), 2. Damyanti Waghray (Shah), 3. Premlata Waghray (Shah)? 4. ??, 5. ??, 6. Kailash? 7. Susheela Devi Desai (Kapoor), 8. ??, 9. Shanta Mahendra (Shah), 10. ??, 11. Prema Devi Sohni (Waghray), 12. ??, 13. Vijaylaxmi (Halli) Penmetcha (Sohni), 14. ??, 15. Meera Devi Waghray (Meera Bua), 16. Chinamma (d/o Manik Lal Waghray), 17. ??, 18.??.


1. Phool Kunwar Waghray (Shah), 2. Sunder Bai Sahgal, 3. Shakuntala Rai Gayhee (Waghray), 4. Gangu Bai Sohni (Waghray), 5. Janki Bai Sekhar (Thakore), 6. ??, 7. ?? , 8 – baby in lap of 7,9.  Laxmi Bai Waghray (Mahendra), 10. Urmila Devi Waghray (Sahgal), 11. Permanand Das Waghray, 12. Savithri Bai Waghray (Sahgal), 13. Pushpa Devi Vohra (Waghray), 14. Haroo Bai Waghray (Shah), 15. Shama Bai Waghray (Shah), 16. Maya Devi Vohra (Waghray) in lap of Shama Bai, 17. ?? , 18 – baby in lap of 17, 19. Ishwari Bai Sahgal (Shah), 20. Kashi Bai Waghray (Tandon)


1. Durga Bai Waghray (Mehra), 2. baby in lap of 3, 3. Tara Bai Waghray (Sohni), 4. Jaya Bai Mahendra (Waghray) [Jaya Dadi], 5. Krishna Bai Sohni (Waghray), 6. ??, 7. ?? , 8 – baby in lap of 7, 9. ?? , 10. Dullu Bai Thakore (Mahendra), 11. Mahalaxmi Bai Thakore (Waghray), 12. Susheela Desai (Thakore), 13. Deva Bai Desai (Waghray), 14. baby in lap of 13, 15. Savitri Bai Mahendra (Waghray), 16. Vainu Bai Mahendra (Waghray), 17. Shyama Bai [Gujarat] Desai, 18. Kaveri Bai Thakore (Sohni), 19. Vidya Gowri Kapoor (Sahgal), 20. Veermati Bai Waghray (Thakore), 21. Heera Laxmi Thakore (Mahendra), 22. baby in lap of 21. ??


1. ??, 2. Deva Devi Sahgal (Waghray), 3. ??, 4. Heera Laxmi Kapoor (Sekhar), 5. Mrs. Chander Bhagya Mahendra (Sekhar), 6. ??, 7. Chandrakanta Kapoor (Sohni), 8. Rajeshwari Mahendra (Sahgal), 9. ??, 10. Kusum Kunwar Kapoor (Waghray), 11. Padma Devi Shah (Sahgal), 12.??

(The questions marks denote that the person in the picture has not been identified yet).

by Govind Lal Waghray and Nina Lal